Chapter 23: Some Medical Terminology

§138. General Vocabulary (Greek and Latin)

ENGLISH GREEK AND/OR LATIN EQUIVALENTS
healer G ἰατρος (adj. ἰατρικος) = L medicus (adj. medicinus, LL medicalis) medicare, medicatus; [ars] medicina
treat G θεραπευ-ειν (adj. θεραπευ-τικος); θεραπεια (“treatment”)
doctor < L doctor (docēre, doctus, teach)
surgeon < G χειρουργος (χειρ, “hand” + ἐργον, “work”) > L chirurgus
physician < G φυσικη τεχνη (physikē technē); cf. E physic
poison < L potio = G τοξον (orig. “bow”; adj. τοξικος) = L virus (adj. viralis)
drug < OF drogue = G φαρμακον = L medicamentum

 

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§138. General Vocabulary (Greek and Latin) by Peter Smith (Estate) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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