digital object identifier (DOI)

a unique international identification code assigned to an electronic object that makes the object significantly easier to find and to track how it has been cited.


a record of errors and their corrections for a book or other publication


To judge other cultures (such as cultural practices, behaviours, beliefs, and people).

internet trolls

People who post inflammatory, insincere, digressive, extraneous, or off-topic messages in an online community (such as social media, a newsgroup, forum, chat room, or blog), with the intent of provoking readers into displaying emotional responses, or manipulating others' perception. (Wikipedia)


data in a format that can be processed by a computer.

Memorandum of Understanding (MOU)

A document describing the an agreement of the project team in developing the open text.


structured descriptive information that describes your resource.


Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching and learning resources made freely available through the public domain or open copyright licenses.

open copyright license

Any license that grants the user free right to use, adapt, modify, or otherwise repurpose a work

open scholarship

Open scholarship is the application of open practices throughout the teaching, learning, research and scholarly environment. Open scholarship is an umbrella term which encompasses open access, open research, open science, open data, open education, open pedagogy and all other forms of openness in the scholarly and research environment.


an alphanumeric code to uniquely identify authors and contributors of scholarly communication.

peer review

Evaluation of an academic, or professional work by experts in the field.

peer reviewed
persistent identifier (PID)

a long-lasting digital reference to an object, contributor, or organization, a code which remains constant as a means of identifying a digital object regardless of changes to its location on the internet.

post-publication peer review

Peer review that takes place after a work is published or officially released.

pre-publication peer review

Peer review that takes place before a work is published or officially released.

Student as Producer

Student as Producer emphasizes the role of the student as collaborators in the production of knowledge. (

style guide

A set of prescribed standards for the writing, formatting and design of documents

style sheet

A record of the styling and formatting expectations for your textbook, such as spelling choices, selection and placement of learning objects, and differences in punctuation, layout

subject matter expert (SME)

an individual with expertise and authority in a particular area or topic.

working in the open

Efforts to perform tasks in a public and participatory way so that others can meaningfully participate with your work.


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To the extent possible under law, Erin Fields; Amanda Grey; Donna Langille; and Clair Swanson have waived all copyright and related or neighboring rights to Glossary, except where otherwise noted.

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