Chapter 5: Turning Latin Nouns into Adjectives
The last suffix of this chapter, -lentus, is very close in meaning to -osus, since it also conveys the meaning “full of.” When this element was added to the base of a Latin noun, it had to be joined by a CONNECTING or LINKING VOWEL, a device about which we’ll hear more later. For the suffix -lentus, the linking vowel was usually U or O.
E somnolent (< L somnolentus < somnus) = “full of sleep”
E corpulent (< L corpulentus < corpus) = “full of body”
Can you guess the etymological meanings of violent, turbulent, opulent, fraudulent, and flatulent? What about nebulous and facetious (§39)?