Appendices

II. Summary of Vocabulary Tables (Latin)

Appendix II

Summary of Vocabulary Tables (Latin)

 

Table 2.1 LATIN FIRST DECLENSION NOUNS
aqua water gratia favour, thanks
causa reason, cause lingua tongue, language
cura care, concern lit(t)era letter
fama report, rumour rota wheel
forma shape, form tabula tablet, list
fortuna luck, fortune via way, road
gloria fame, glory vita life

 

Table 2.2 LATIN SECOND DECLENSION NOUNS IN -US
animus mind, feeling numerus number
campus level field, plain oculus eye
circus circle, Circus populus people
deus god radius staff, rod, spoke
equus horse stimulus goad, spur
locus place terminus boundary
modus measure, manner vulgus mass(es), crowd

 

Table 2.3 LATIN SECOND DECLENSION NOUNS IN -UM
fatum fate, destiny pretium value, price
granum grain, seed signum mark, token, sign
monstrum evil omen, monster taedium weariness, disgust
odium hatred verbum word
officium service, duty vitium fault, vice

 

Table 3.1 LATIN THIRD DECLENSION NOUNS (M. & F.)
labor, laboris work pes, pedis foot
finis, finis end urbs, urbis city
rex, regis king vox, vocis voice
lex, legis law crux, crucis cross
ars, artis skill hospes, hospitis host, guest
pars, partis part miles, militis soldier
mors, mortis death origo, originis source, origin

 

Table 3.2 LATIN THIRD DECLENSON NOUNS (NEUTER)
caput, capitis head corpus, corporis body
cor, cordis heart tempus, temporis time
lumen, luminis light genus, generis race, kind, sort
omen, ominis omen opus, operis work, task
nomen, nominis name onus, oneris load, burden

 

Table 3.3 LATIN FOURTH DECLENSION NOUNS (M.)
gradus step, grade sinus curve, fold
manus (F.) hand situs position, site
ritus ceremony, rite spiritus breath, spirit

 

Table 3.4 LATIN FIFTH DECLENSION NOUNS (F.)
effigies likeness, effigy res thing
facies form, face series row, series
rabies rage, madness species look, appearance

 

Table 4.1 LATIN 1ST AND 2ND DECLENSION ADJECTIVES
aequus even, equal multus much, many
bonus good pius dutiful, good
justus upright, just planus level, flat
longus long sanus healthy, sound
magnus big, great solus alone, only, sole
malus bad, evil vacuus empty
medius middle verus true

 

Table 4.2 LATIN 3RD DECLENSION ADJECTIVES
brevis short, brief grandis great, large
levis light gravis heavy, grave
fortis strong, brave similis like

 

Table 5.1 SOME MORE LATIN THIRD DECLENSION NOUNS
navis, navis ship margo, marginis edge
flos, floris flower ordo, ordinis rank, order
mos, moris custom limen, liminis threshold
os, oris mouth semen, seminis seed

 

Table 9.1: LATIN FIRST CONJUGATION VERBS
cantare, cantatus sing putare, putatus think, reckon
clamare, clamatus shout secare, sectus cut
mutare, mutatus change servare, servatus save
plicare, plicatus fold stare, status stand
portare, portatus carry vocare, vocatus call

 

Table 9.2: LATIN SECOND CONJUGATION VERBS

docere, doctus

habere, habitus

[-hibere, -hibitus]

monere, monitus

teach

have, hold

 

warn, advise

movere, motus

sedere, sessus

tenere, tentus

videre, visus

move

sit

hold

see

 

Table 9.3: LATIN THIRD CONJUGATION VERBS

agere, actus

cadere, casus

[-cĭdere, -casus]

caedere, caesus

[-cīdere, -cīsus]

cedere, cessus

currere, cursus

dicere, dictus

ducere, ductus

ferre (fer-), latus

frangere, fractus

fundere, fusus

jungere, junctus

legere, lectus

mittere, missus

do, drive

fall

 

cut

 

go; yield

run

say

lead

bring, bear

break

pour

join

choose; read

send

pellere, pulsus

pendere, pensus

ponere, positus

regere, rectus

scribere, scriptus

solvere, solutus

tangere, tactus

tendere, tensus[1]

trahere, tractus

vertere, versus

volvere, volutus

Deponent verbs:

sequi, secutus

loqui, locutus

nasci, natus

drive

hang; weigh

place

rule, guide

write

loose

touch

stretch, strain

draw, drag

turn

roll

 

follow

speak

be born

 

Table 9.4: LATIN THIRD I-STEM AND FOURTH CONJUGATION VERBS
Third Conjugation, I-stem Third I-stem deponent verbs:

capere, captus

[-cipere, -ceptus]

facere, factus

[-ficere, -fectus]

jacere, jactus

[-jicere, -jectus]

-spicere, -spectus

take

 

make, do

 

throw

 

look

gradi, gressus

pati, passus

Fourth Conjugation:

audire, auditus

salire, saltus

sentire, sensus

venire, ventus

step, go

suffer, allow

 

hear

leap, jump

feel

come


  1. The verb tendere has an alternate perfect participle tentus, a form that overlaps with tenere.

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Greek and Latin Roots: Part I - Latin by Peter Smith (Estate) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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