Chapter 5: Turning Latin Nouns into Adjectives

§44. Chapter 5: Exercises

1.   Identify the absolutely predictable Latin adjective from which each of the following English adjectives is derived (e.g., capital: capitalis):

a. radial ___________________ d. tabular ___________________
b. famous ___________________ e. urban ___________________
c. senile ___________________ f. virulent ___________________


2.  Using the format given in §43, write out ANALYSES for the following English words:

a. popular _________________________________________________________
b. equine _________________________________________________________
c. corporal _________________________________________________________


3.  The ETYMOLOGICAL MEANING of plumber (plumbarius) is “worker in lead.” Using a dictionary, find the Latin etymon (source-word) and the etymological meaning of (a) carpenter and (b) terrier.

a. ____________________ __________________________________________________
Etymon Etymological meaning
b. ____________________ __________________________________________________
Etymon Etymological meaning

4.  The Latin words calidarium and frigidarium referred to hot (calidus) and cold (frigidus) rooms in the Roman baths. An English derivative from calidarium (through Norman French) is cauldron or caldron, “a hot place.” What modern trademark cleverly suggests “a cold place”?



5.  Identify the Roman deities behind the following English adjectives:

jovial ________________________________________
mercurial ________________________________________
martial ________________________________________
saturnine ________________________________________
venereal ________________________________________
cereal ________________________________________

For Key to Exercises (Latin), see Appendix I.


Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Greek and Latin Roots: Part I - Latin Copyright © 2016 by Peter Smith (Estate) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

Share This Book