Chapter 2 Observing the Sky: The Birth of Astronomy

2.7 For Further Exploration

For Further Exploration


Ancient Astronomy

Gingerich, O. “From Aristarchus to Copernicus.” Sky & Telescope (November 1983): 410.

Gingerich, O. “Islamic Astronomy.” Scientific American (April 1986): 74.

Astronomy and Astrology

Fraknoi, A. “Your Astrology Defense Kit.” Sky & Telescope (August 1989): 146.

Copernicus and Galileo

Gingerich, O. “Galileo and the Phases of Venus.” Sky & Telescope (December 1984): 520.

Gingerich, O. “How Galileo Changed the Rules of Science.” Sky & Telescope (March 1993): 32.

Maran, S., and Marschall, L. “The Moon, the Telescope, and the Birth of the Modern World.” Sky & Telescope (February 2009): 28.

Sobel, D. “The Heretic’s Daughter: A Startling Correspondence Reveals a New Portrait of Galileo.” The New Yorker (September 13, 1999): 52.


Ancient Astronomy

Astronomy and Astrology

Copernicus and Galileo


Astronomy and Astrology

Astrology Debunked: A compilation of scientists and magicians commenting skeptically on astrology (9:09).


Copernicus and Galileo

       Galileo: A brief biography (2:51).

Nicolaus Copernicus: An overview of his life and work (2:41).


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