Chapter 2: Patient Assessment

2.11 Head-to-Toe Assessment: Musculoskeletal Assessment

Critical Thinking Exercises: Questions, Answers, and Sources / References

Critical thinking questions are in bold type, and the answers are italicized. Additional resources or references are provided below.

  1. Identify three strategies to reduce falls risk in a client with unlimited mobility.
  • Ensure lighting is adequate.
  • Eliminate area rugs that can shift and cause a fall.
  • Ensure adequate lighting.
  • Clean up spills.
  • Cover cable and cords in walkways.
  • Encourage wearing comfortable, well-fitting shoes.
  • Take your time. Pay attention to where you’re going.


Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety. (2019). OSH answers fact sheets.


2. Besides nursing, identify interdisciplinary roles that can assist patients with mobility issues.

Nursing, occupational therapy, physiotherapy, social work, speech-language pathology, nutritionist, and nonprofessional home support services


Markle-Reid, M., Browne, G., Gafni, A., Roberts, J., Weir, R., Thabane, L., Miles, M., Vaitonis, V., Hecimovich, C., Baxter, P., & Henderson, S. (2010). The effects and costs of a multifactorial and interdisciplinary team approach to falls prevention for older home care clients ‘at risk’ for falling: A randomized controlled trial. Canadian Journal on Aging, 29(1), 139-161.

Sample Learning Activity

  1. Perform a range of motion / strength assessment on a partner, and document narratively. Students can work in partners and give each other feedback on their performance and documentation.


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