Chapter 5: Direct Learning and Human Potential

Learning Objectives

  • Describe operational and adaptive definitions of learning
  • Relate classical and instrumental conditioning to prediction and control
  • Describe acquisition, extinction, and spontaneous recovery, showing how the phenomenon of spontaneous recovery indicates that extinction does not result in unlearning
  • Describe how research findings related to Pavlov’s stimulus substitution model of classical conditioning resulted in the current predictive learning model
  • Describe how classical conditioning relates to the acquisition of word meaning , prejudice, and emotional reactions
  • Describe Skinners’ and the adaptive learning schemas of control learning
  • Provide examples of short-term and long-term stimulus-response chains
  • Describe Skinner’s schema for categorizing intermittent schedules of reinforcement



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Psychology Copyright © by Jeffrey C. Levy is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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