Chapter 2: Ethics in Research


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Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. (2005). Tri-Council policy statement: Ethical conduct for research involving humans, 1998 (with 2000, 2002, 2005 amendments).   Retrieved from

Humphreys, L. (1970). Tearoom trade: Impersonal sex in public places. New Brunswick, NJ: Aldine Transaction.

Humphreys, L. (2008). Tearoom trade: Impersonal sex in public places, enlarged edition with a retrospect on ethical issues. New Brunswick, NJ: Aldine Transaction.

Jaschik, S. (2009, December 4). Protecting his sources. Inside Higher Education. Retrieved from

Milgram, S. (1974). Obedience to authority: An experimental view. New York, NY: Harper & Row.

National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects in Biomedical and Behavioral Research. (1979).   The Belmont report: Ethical principles and guidelines for the protection of human subjects of research.  Retrieved  from

National Research Act of 1974, Pub. L. no. 93-348 Stat 88. (1974). Retrieved from

National Council on Ethics in Human Research. (n.d.). The importance of research involving humans. Retrieved from http://www.ncehr-

Ogden, R. (2008). Harm. In L. M. Given (Ed.), The sage encyclopedia of qualitative research methods (pp. 379–380). Los Angeles, CA: SAGE.

Palys, T., & Atchison, C. (2014). Research decisions: Quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods approaches (5th ed.). Toronto, Canada: Nelson Education.

Saylor Academy.  (2012). Principles of sociological inquiry: Qualitative and quantitative methods. Retrieved from

Shuster, E. (1997). Fifty years later: The significance of the Nuremberg Code. New England Journal of Medicine, 337(20), 1436-1440. doi:10.1056/NEJM199711133372006

University of California, Irvine. Office of Research. (2015).   Definition of human subjects’ research. Retrieved from