Chapter 11: Emotions and Motivations

Fill in the Blank(s)


  1.  ________ is a general tendency to expect positive outcomes.
  2. Glucose levels in the bloodstream are regulated by the hormone ________.
  3. The sexual response cycle begins with ________ and ends with ________.
  4. The HPA axis is comprised of the ________, the ________ ________and the ________ ________.
  5. The ________-________ theory of emotion argues that our experience of emotion occurs alongside our experience of arousal.
  6. A ________ is a driving force that initiates and directs behaviour.
  7. Gestures, body position, facial expression and paralanguage are all kind of ________________.
  8. The suggestion that movement of the muscles in our face may trigger corresponding emotions is referred to as the ________ ________ hypothesis.
  9. ________ ________ is an eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by purging.
  10. According to the two-factor theory of emotion, the experience of emotion is determined by both arousal and ________ ________.


  1. optimism
  2. insulin
  3. excitement, resolution
  4. hypothalamus, pituitary gland, adrenal glands
  5. Cannon-Bard
  6. motivation
  7. nonverbal communication
  8. facial feedback
  9. bulimia nervosa
  10. cognitive appraisal


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