Chapter 7: Growing and Developing

Learning Objectives

  • Review the stages of prenatal development
  • Explain how the developing embryo and fetus may be harmed by the presence of teratogens and describe what a mother can do to reduce her risk.
  • Describe the abilities that newborn infants possess and how they actively interact with their environments.
  • List the stages in Piaget’s model of cognitive development and explain the concepts that are mastered in each stage.
  • Critique Piaget’s theory of cognitive development and describe other theories that complement and expand on it.
  • Summarize the important processes of social development that occur in infancy and childhood.
  • Summarize the physical and cognitive changes that occur for boys and girls during adolescence.
  • Explain how adolescents develop a sense of morality and of self-identity.
  • Review the physical and cognitive changes that accompany early and middle adulthood.
  • Review the physical cognitive and social changes that accompany late adulthood.
  • Describe the psychological and physical outcomes of bereavement.