Chapter 12: Personality

Learning Objectives

  • Outline and critique the early approaches to assessing personality.
  • Define and review the strengths and limitations of the trait approach to personality.
  • Summarize the measures that have been used to assess psychological disorders.
  • Describe the strengths and limitations of the psychodynamic approach to explaining personality.
  • Summarize the accomplishments of the neo-Freudians.
  • Identify the major contributions of the humanistic approach to understanding personality.
  • Explain how genes transmit personality from one generation to the next.
  • Outline the methods of behavioural genetics and the conclusions that we can draw from them about the determinants of personality.
  • Explain how molecular genetics research helps us understand the role of genetics in personality.