Chapter 8: Learning

True or False?

Remember to use this “test” as an opportunity to note down what you can remember about a topic.


  1. In the prisoner’s dilemma game, one of the players takes the role of a prisoner while the other takes the role of a prison guard.
  2. Being rewarded for doing something may actually reduce people’s liking for the activity.
  3. In classical conditioning, acquisition precedes extinction.
  4. In classical conditioning, a neutral stimulus becomes the unconditioned stimulus.
  5. Negative reinforcement is the same thing as positive punishment.
  6. Casino slot machines are programmed to pay out on a variable-ratio schedule.
  7. Both primary and secondary reinforcers can be used to change behaviour via operant conditioning.
  8. Observational learning is also called modelling.
  9. Taking away a child’s iPad after they have misbehaved is an example of negative reinforcement.
  10. In classical conditioning, the unconditioned stimulus triggers the conditioned response.


  1. false
  2. true
  3. true
  4. false
  5. false
  6. true
  7. true
  8. true
  9. false
  10. false


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Introduction to Psychology Study Guide Copyright © by Sarah Murray is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.