Describe the anatomy and physiology of the liver.
Describe the pathogenesis and manifestations of liver cirrhosis.
Identify the main risk factors and causes for liver cirrhosis.
Explain how laboratory findings and diagnostics determine the cause and extent of liver damage.
Cirrhosis is end-stage liver failure. Many things can cause liver damage: .
According to Health Canada and the Canadian Liver Foundation, 1 in 4 Canadians experience some degree of liver malfunction in their lifetime. There are over 100 liver diseases caused by a variety of factors including; viruses, toxins, genetics, alcohol, medications, biliary obstructions and unknown causes.
This chapter is subdivided into:
- Normal liver and gallbladder
- Gross anatomy and histology of normal liver
- Causes and pathophysiology of cirrhosis
- Gross pathology of cirrhotic liver
- Histopathology of cirrhosis
- Clinical manifestations of cirrhosis
- Treatment and prognosis of AKI
- Consequences of AKI in other systems
- Diagnosis of cirrhosis
- Interprofessional collaboration during the diagnosis and management of cirrhosis
- Chapter Summary
The following abbreviations are used throughout the chapter.
|CBC||Complete Blood Count|
|INR||International Normalized Ratio|
|IVC||Inferior Vena Cava|
|LFTs||Liver Function Tests|
|PTT||Prothrombin Time Test|
|SVC||Superior Vena Cava|